Skip to content

Coordinator Corner

Acronyms
Acronym Meaning
AACOM American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges
ABMS American Board of Medical Specialties
ACCME Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
ACGME Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ADS Accreditation Data System
AHA American Hospital Association
AMA American Medical Association
AOA American Osteopathic Association
APE Annual Program Evaluation
ATLS Advanced Trauma Life Support
BLS Basic Life Support
CCC Clinical Competency Committee
CK Clinical Knowledge Exam
CLER Clinical Learning Environment Review
CME Continuing Medical Education
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CMSS Council of Medical Specialty Societies
CODA Commission on Dental Accreditation
COMLEX Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Exam
CPR Common Program Requirements
CPT Current Procedural Terminology
DGME Direct Payments to Graduate Medical Education
DIO Designated Institutional Official
DO Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
ECFMG Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates
EPA Entrustable Professional Activity
ERAS Electronic Residency Application System
FCVS Federation Credentials Verification Service
FREIDA Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database Access
FSMB Federation of State Medical Boards
FTE Full Time Equivalent
G&O Goals and Objectives
GME Graduate Medical Education
GMEC Graduate Medical Education Committee
HIPAA Health Information Portability and Accountability Act
HS House Staff
IME Indirect Medial Education Payments
IMG International Medical Graduate
IRC Institutional Review Committee
IRD Institutional Review Document
JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
LCME Liasion Committee for Medical Education
LOR Letter of Recommendation
MOC Maintenance of Certification
MSPE Medical Student Performance Evaluation
NAS Next Accreditation System
NBME National Board of Medical Examiners
NRMP National Residency Matching Program
OSCE Objective Structured Clinical Exam
PBLI Practice Based Learning and Improvement
PC Program Coordinator
PD Program Director
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PDWS Program Directors Workstation
PEC Program Evaluation Committee
PGY Post Graduate Year
PIF Program Information Form
PIP Performance Improvement Plan
PLA Program Letter of Agreement
PRA Per Resident Amount
PS/QI Patient Safety / Quality Initiative
RC Review Committee
RMS Residency Management System
RRC (RC) Residency Review Committee
SBP Systems Based Practice
SOAP Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program
SV Site Visitor
TJC The Joint Commission
TQM Total Quality Management
TY Transitional Year
USMLE United States Medical Licensing Exam
Glossary of Terms

Academic Appointment
An appointment to a faculty category (e.g. professor, Associate Professor, Adjunct Clinical Instructor, etc.) of a degree-granting school, college or university.

ACGME
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is responsible for the accreditation of post-graduate medical training programs within the United States. Accreditation is accomplished through a peer review process and is based upon established standards and guidelines.

ACLS
Advanced Cardiac Life Support

Accreditation
A voluntary process of evaluation and review based on published standards and following a prescribed process, performed by a non-governmental agency of peers.

Applicant
An M.D. or D.O. invited to interview with a GME program.

Assessment
An ongoing process of gathering and interpreting information about a learner’s knowledge, skills, and/or behavior.

At-Home Call
A call taken from outside the assigned site.

BLS
Basic Life Support

Categorical Resident
A resident who enters a program with the objective of completing the entire program.

Certification
A process to provide assurance to the public that a certified medical specialist has successfully completed an approved educational program and an evaluation, including an examination process designed to assess the knowledge, experience and skills requisite to the provision of high-quality care in a particular specialty.

Chief Resident
Typically, a position in the final year of residency (e.g., surgery) or in the year after the residency is completed (e.g., internal medicine and pediatrics).

Citation
A finding of a Review Committee that a program or an institution is failing to comply substantially with a particular accreditation standard or ACGME policy or procedure.

Clinical
Refers to the practice of medicine in which physicians assess patients (in person or virtually) or populations in order to diagnose, treat, and prevent disease using their expert judgment. It also refers to physicians who contribute to the care of patients by providing clinical decision support and information systems, laboratory, imaging, or related studies.

Clinical Responsibility/Workload Limits
Reasonable maximum levels of assigned work for residents/fellows consistent with ensuring both patient safety and a quality educational experience. Such workloads, and their levels of intensity, are specialty-specific and must be thoroughly examined by the RRCs before inclusion in their respective program requirements.

Clinical Supervision
A required faculty activity involving the oversight and direction of patient care activities that are provided by residents/fellows.

Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER)
A review process implemented by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) as part of its Next Accreditation System. The CLER program is designated to provide U.S. teaching hospitals, medical centers, health systems, and other clinical setting affiliated with ACGME-accredited institutions with periodic feedback that addresses the following six Focus Areas: Patient Safety, Health Care Quality, Care Transitions, Supervision, Well-Being, and Professionalism. The feedback provided by the CLER Program is designated to improve how clinical sites engage resident and fellow physicians in learning to provide safe, high quality patient care. The only accreditation requirement associated with this program is that each sponsoring institution must undergo a CLER site visit every 24 months (+/-6) to maintain accreditation.

Combined Specialty Programs
Programs recognized by two or more separate specialty boards to provide GME in a particular combined specialty. Each combined specialty program is made up of two or three programs, accredited separately by the ACGME at the same institution.

Common Program Requirements
The set of ACGME requirements that apply to all specialties and subspecialties.

Competencies
Specific knowledge, skills, behaviors and attitudes and the appropriate educational experiences required of residents to complete GME programs. The six resident competencies are: Patient Care; Medical Knowledge; Practice-based Learning and Improvement; Systems-Based Practice; Interpersonal and Communication Skills; and Professionalism.

Complement
The maximum number of residents or fellows approve by a Residency Review Committee per year and/or per program based upon availability of adequate resources.

Compliance
A program’s or institution’s adherence to a set of prescribed requirements.

Conditional Independence (also referred to as graduated responsibility)
Graded, progressive responsibility for patient care with defined oversight.

Consortium
An association of two or more organizations, hospitals, or institutions that have come together to pursue common objectives (e.g., GME).

Continuity Clinic
Setting for a longitudinal experience in which residents develop a continuous, long-term therapeutic relationship with a panel of patients.

Continuous time on duty
The period that a resident or fellow is in the hospital (or other clinical care setting) continuously, counting the resident’s (or fellow’s) regular scheduled day, time on call, and the hours a resident (or fellow) remains on duty after the end of the on-call period to transfer the care of patients and for didactic activities.

Core Program
See Specialty Program

Cycle Length
The interval between a final accreditation action and the target date identified for the next site visit.

Designated Institutional Official (DIO)
The individual in a sponsoring institution who has the authority and responsibility for all of the ACGME accredited GME programs.

Didactic
A kind of systematic instruction by means of planned learning experiences, such as conferences or grand rounds.

Duty Hours
All clinical and academic activities related to the residency/fellowship program, i.e., patient care (both inpatient and outpatient), administrative duties related to patient care, the provision for transfer of patient care, time spent in-house during call activities, and scheduled academic assignments such as conferences.

ECFMG
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates

ECFMG Number
The identification number assigned by the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) to each international medical graduate physician who receives a certification from ECFMG.

Elective
An educational experience approved for inclusion in the program curriculum and selected by the resident in consultation with the program director.

ERAS
Electronic Residency Application Service is most commonly used by medical graduates or medical students in their final year of medical school to apply for specialized graduate training in ACGME accredited residency programs in the U.S. Many residency and fellowship programs require applicants to apply through ERAS. ERAS was developed by the AAMC. It transmits residency applications, letters of recommendation, medical student performance evaluations (MSPE, formerly dean’s letters), transcripts, and other supporting documents to residency program directors via the Internet. ERAS is also available to IMG’s through the ECFMG.

External Moonlighting
Voluntary, compensated, medical-related work performed outside the institution where the resident is in training or at any of its related participating sites.

Faculty
Individuals who have received a formal assignment to teach resident/fellow physicians. At some site’s appointment to the medical staff of the hospital constitutes appointment to the faculty.

Fatigue Management
Recognition by either a resident or supervisor of a level of resident fatigue that may adversely affect patient safety and enactment of a solution to mitigate the fatigue.

Fellow
A physician in a program of graduate medical education accredited by the ACGME who has completed the requirements for eligibility for first board certification in the specialty. The term “subspecialty residents” is also applied to such physicians. Other uses of the term “fellow” require modifiers for precision and clarity, e.g., research fellow.

Fifth Pathway
One of several ways that individuals who obtain their undergraduate medical education abroad can enter GME in the United States. The fifty pathway is a period of supervised clinical training for students who obtained their premedical education in the United States, received undergraduate medical training abroad, and passed Step 1 of the United States Medical Licensing Examination. After these students successfully complete a year of clinical training sponsored by an LCME-accredited U.S. medical school and pass USMLE Step 2, they become eligible for an ACGME accredited residency as an international medical graduate.

FREIDA
Fellowship Residency Electronic Interactive Database. The Graduate Medical Education Directory (also called the Green Book) and FREIDA Online are resources created by the AMA to assist students in finding a residency program. FREIDA Online is a database with over 7,800 graduate medical education programs accredited by the ACGME, as well as over 200 combined specialty programs.

Focused Institutional Site Visit
An on-site review requested by the Institutional Review Committee (IRC) and conducted by a senior member of the ACGME Department of Field Activities (DFA). The focused institutional site visit concentrates on institutional oversight of compliance with duty hour standards, potential egregious violations related to resident safety and security, or serious disruption to the resident educational and work environment at a sponsoring institution following a disaster.

Formative Evaluation
Assessment of a resident/fellow with the primary purpose of providing feedback for improvement as well as to reinforce skills and behaviors that meet established criteria and standards without passing a judgment in the form of a permanently recorded grade or score.

Graduate Medical Education (GME)
The period of didactic and clinical education in a medical specialty which follows the completion of a recognized undergraduate medical education and which prepares physicians for the independent practice of medicine in that specialty, also referred to as residency education. The term “graduate medical education” also applies to the period of didactic and clinical education in a medical subspecialty which follows the completion of education in a recognized medical specialty and which prepares physicians for the independent practice of medicine in that subspecialty.

GME Track
GME Track is a resident database and tracking system created in 2000 by the AAMC and the AMA. Its purpose is to assist GME administrators and program directors in the collection and management of GME data.

Graduate Medical Education Committee (GMEC)
The Graduate Education Committee shall review from an institutional perspective the implementation at UTHSC of the required “Institutional Requirements” of the ACGME. The Committee shall advise and monitor the Office of Graduate Medical Education, the Medical Center, and the Medical School of pertinent issued related to house staff (residents and clinical fellows) programs of the institution. The Sponsoring Institution must have a GMEC that has the responsibility for monitoring and advising of all aspects of residency education.

Graduate Year Level
Refers to a resident’s current year of accredited GME. This designation may or may not correspond to the resident’s particular year in a program. For example, a resident in pediatric cardiology could be in the first program year of the pediatric cardiology program, but in his/her fourth graduate year of GME (including the 3 prior years of pediatrics). Also referred to as “post graduate year” or “PGY”.

Grand Rounds
A formal meeting at which physicians discuss the clinical case of one or more patients. Grand rounds originated as part of residency training wherein new information was taught and clinical reasoning skills were enhanced. Grand rounds today are an integral component of medical education. They present clinical problems in medicine by focusing on current or interesting cases.

Green Book
A book published annually by the AMA that includes allopathic GME Institutional and Program Requirements. The Green Book also includes lists of accredited allopathic residencies and fellowships by specialty and by state as well as contact information, program directors’ names, address, and telephone number for each program.

In-House Call
Duty hours beyond the normal workday when residents are required to be immediately available in the assigned institution.

Innovation
Experimentation initiated at the program level which may involve an individual program, a group of residents (e.g., PGY1 residents) or an individual resident (e.g. chief resident).

Institutional Review
The process undertaken by the ACGME to determine whether a sponsoring institution offering GME programs is in substantial compliance with the Institutional Requirements.

Integrated
A site may be considered integrated when the program director a) appoints the members of the faculty and is involved in the appointment of the chief of service at the integrated site, b) determines all rotations and assignments of residents, and c) is responsible for the overall conduct of the educational program in the integrated site. There must be a written agreement between the sponsoring institution and the integrated site stating that these provisions are in effect. This definition does not apply to all specialties.

Intern
Historically, a designation for individuals in the first year of GME. This term is no longer used by ACGME.

Internal Moonlighting
Any hours a resident works for compensation at the sponsoring institution or any of the sponsor’s primary clinical sites.

Internal Review
A self-evaluation process undertaken by sponsoring institutions ACGME-accredited programs to judge whether each is in substantial compliance with accreditation requirements.

International Medical Graduate (IMG)
A graduate from a medical school outside the United States and Canada (and not accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education). IMGs may be citizens of the United States who chose to be educated elsewhere or non-citizens who are admitted to the United States by U.S. Immigration authorities.

In-Training Examination
Formative examinations developed to evaluate resident/fellow progress in meeting the educational objectives of a residency/fellowship program. These examinations may be offered by certification boards or specialty societies.

JC
Joint Commission, formally known as the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations or JCAHO, which evaluates and accredits health care organizations in the U.S.

LCME
Liaison Committee on Medical Education, which accredits programs of medical education leading to the M.D. in the United States and in collaboration with the Committee on Accreditation of Canadian Medical Schools (CACMS) in Canada.

Letter of Notification
The official communication from a Review Committee that states the action taken by the Review Committee.

Master Affiliation Agreement
A written document that addresses GME responsibilities between a sponsoring institution and a major participating site.

Medical School Affiliation
A formal relationship between a medical school and a sponsoring institution.

Moonlighting
Patient care activities external to the educational program that residents/fellows engage in at sites used by the educational program (internal moonlighting) and other healthcare sites.

Must
A term used to identify a requirement which is mandatory or done without fail. This term indicates an absolute requirement.

National Resident Matching Program (NRMP)
A private, not-for-profit corporation established in 1952 to provide a uniform date of appointment to positions in graduate medical education in the United States. Five organizations sponsor the NRMP: American Board of Medical Specialties, American Medical Association, Association of American Medical Colleges, American Hospital Association and Council of Medical Specialty Societies. It is the most widely used matching program. There are other matches used by some programs, such as the San Francisco Match or other specialty matches.

Night Float
Rotation or educational experience designed to either eliminate in-house call or to assist other residents during the night. Residents assigned to night float are assigned on-site duty during evening/night shifts and are responsible for admitting or cross-covering patients until morning and do not have daytime assignments. Rotation must have an educational focus.

Notable Practice
A process or practice that a Review Committee or other ACGME committee deems worthy of notice. Notable practices are shared through the ACGME website or other ACGME publications to provide programs and institutions with additional resources for resident education. Notable practices do not create additional requirements for programs or institutions.

One Day Off
One (1) continuous 24-hour period free from all administrative, clinical and educational activities.

Ownership of Institution
Refers to the governance, control, or type of ownership of the institution.

PALS
Pediatric Advanced Life Support

Pilot
An ACGME approved project, which is initiated by the Review Committee and involves several residency/fellowship programs that elect to participate.

PIP (Performance Improvement Plan)
A formal written document issued to a resident or fellow that is designed to outline deficiencies in his/her training. A PIP is executed for a set time period (typically 4 to 6 weeks) and identifies a negative trend in performance and/or an egregious behavior. It is designed to remedy or resolve the problem and once the PID is satisfactorily completed, the resident or fellow will be returned to regular status. If concerns remain, then the PIP may be extended for another month(s). An unsatisfactory achievement in the PIP could result in the resident/fellow being placed on probation, suspension and/or being terminated from the program (with prior approval from the DIO).

Primary Clinical Site
If the sponsoring institution is a hospital, it is by definition the principal or primary teaching hospital for the residency/fellowship program. If the sponsoring institution is a medical school, university, or consortium of hospitals, the hospital that is used most commonly in the residency/fellowship program is recognized as the primary clinical site.

Program
A structured educational experience in graduate medical education designed to conform to the Program Requirements of a particular specialty/subspecialty, the satisfactory completion of which may result in eligibility for board certification.

Program Director
The one physician designated with authority and accountability for the operation of the residency/fellowship program.

Program Evaluation
Systematic collection and analysis of information related to the design, implementation, and outcomes of a resident education program, for the purpose of monitoring and improving quality and effectiveness of the program.

Program Information Form (PIF)
The PIF is the document completed by the program director in preparation for a site visit. The document is a compilation of requested information that reflects the current status of the educational program. The PIF is organized in two parts: The Common PIF, which addresses the program’s compliance with the Common Program Requirements, and the specialty or subspecialty specific PIF, which addresses compliance with the specialty or subspecialty specific program requirements. The Common PIF is electronically generated through the Accreditation Data System.

Program Letter of Agreement (PLA)
A written document that addresses GME responsibilities between an individual accredited program and a site other than the sponsoring institution at which residents receive a required part of their education.

Program Merger
Two or more programs that combine to create a single program. One program may maintain continued accreditation while accreditation is voluntarily withdrawn from the other program or programs. Alternatively, both programs may be withdrawn, and a new program may be established.

Program Year
Refers to the current year of education within a specific program; this designation may or may not correspond to the resident’s graduate year level.

Required
Educational experiences within a residency/fellowship program designated for completion by all residents/fellows.

Resident
A physician in an accredited graduate medical education specialty program.

Residency
A program accredited to provide a structured educational experience designed to conform to the Program Requirements of a particular specialty.

Rotation
An educational experience of planned activities in selected settings, over a specific time period, developed to meet goals and objectives of the program.

Scholarly Activity
An opportunity for residents/fellows and faculty to participate in research, as well as organized clinical discussions, rounds, journal clubs, and conferences. In addition, some members of the faculty should also demonstrate scholarship through one or more of the following: peer-reviewed funding; publication of original research or review articles in peer-reviewed journals or chapters in textbooks; publication or presentation of case reports or clinical series at local, regional, or national professional and scientific society meetings; or participation in national committees or educational organizations.

Short Call
Responsibility for admitting patients to the teaching service during the early part of the day. Residents begin call in the morning, admit patients until some designated time in the afternoon or late morning and do not stay in the hospital overnight.

Should
A term used to designate requirements so important that their absence must be justified. A program or institution may be cited for failing to comply with a requirement that includes the term ‘should’.

Site
An organization providing educational experiences or educational assignments/rotations for residents/fellows.

Site Visitor
The ACGME has several site visitors or site reviews of staff. This is the person to whom you will submit your PIF. He/she is also the person who will personally come to your program and examine your program’s documentation, and meet with the program director, residents, program coordinator, and members of the faculty. The site visitor is only a “fact gatherer”. He/she will not be able to tell you whether or not your program will receive a “favorable” review.

Sponsoring Institution
The organization (or entity) that assumes the ultimate financial and academic responsibility for a program of GME. The sponsoring institution has the primary purpose of providing educational programs and/or health care services. When the sponsoring institution is a non-rotation site the major associated hospital is the participating rotation site. Additionally, for multiple ambulatory medical sites under separate ownership from the sponsoring institution one central or corporate site must represent the satellite clinics.

Strategic Napping
Short sleep periods, taken as a component of fatigue management, which can mitigate the adverse effects of sleep loss.

Subspecialty Program
A structured educational experience following completion of a prerequisite specialty program in GME designed to conform to the Program Requirements of a particular subspecialty.

  1. Dependent Subspecialty Program – A program that is required to function in conjunction with an accredited specialty/core program, usually reviewed conjointly with the specialty program, usually sponsored by the same sponsoring institution, and geographically proximate. The continued accreditation of the subspecialty program is dependent on the specialty program maintaining its accreditation.
  2. Independent Subspecialty Program – A program that is not directly related to, or dependent upon, the accreditation status of a specialty program.

Suggested
A term along with its companion “strongly suggested”, used to indicate that something is distinctly urged rather than required. An institution or program will not be cited for failing to do something that is suggested or strongly suggested.

Summative Evaluation
Assessment with the primary purpose of establishing whether or not performance measured at a single defined point in time meets established performance standards, permanently recorded in the form of a grade or score.

Transfer Resident
Residents are considered transfer residents under several conditions including: moving from one program to another within the same or different sponsoring institution; when entering a PGY2 program requiring a preliminary year even if the resident was simultaneously accepted into the preliminary PGY1 program and the PGY2 program as part of the match (e.g., accepted to both programs right out of medical school). Before accepting a transfer resident, the program director of the ‘receiving program’ must obtain written or electronic verification of previous educational experiences and a summative competency-based performance evaluation from the current program director.

Transitional Year Program
A one-year educational experience in GME, which is structured to provide a program of multiple clinical disciplines; its design to facilitate the choice of and/or preparation for a specialty. The transitional year is not a complete graduate education program in preparation for the practice of medicine.

Transitions of Care
The relaying of complete and accurate patient information between individuals or teams in transferring responsibility for patient care in the healthcare setting.

USMLE
United States Medical Licensing Exam – USMLE is a three-part exam by allopathic medical students and residents. Each part of the USMLE is called a Step. Step 1 is usually taken at the end of the second year of medical school. Step 2 is usually taken prior to graduation from US medical schools. Step 2 has two parts: a clinical knowledge (CK) exam and clinical skills assessment (CSA or CS). Step 3 is usually taken during or after the first year of residency training.

Reimbursement

T44 (.doc)
GL Codes
FAQs

Onboarding
Hospital Liaisons

Baptist Memorial Hospital

Laura Martin
Baptist Memorial Medical Education
Phone: 901.226.1350
Email: Laura.Martin@bmhcc.org

Methodist University Hospital (MUH)

Lori Kessler
Phone: 901.516.8529
Email: Lori.Kessler@mlh.org

  • Other contact info:
    IT and privilege issues, contact the MLH helpdesk: 901.516.0000 or 901.516.3111
    · Issues related to Cornerstone online training, contact:
    Pam Thompson
    Phone: 901.516.0370
    Email: Pam.Thompson@mlh.org
  • Issues with Methodist issued pagers and pager numbers:
    Glynis Sandefur
    Phone: 901.516.3305
    Email: Glynis.sandefur@mlh.org
  • Issues with food funds for overnight residents:
    Blake Williford
    Phone: 901.516.0576
    Email: blake.williford@mlh.org

Methodist Le Bonheur

Derrell Bryant
Lead Residency Coordinator – Pediatrics
Phone: 901.287.5319
Email: dbryan14@uthsc.edu

Regional One Health (ROH)

Sheri Wahl Yendrek, BPS-HA
Director – Medical Staff Services, and Payor Enrollment, and GME Liaison
Regional One Health (ROH) and UT Regional One Physicians (UTROP)
877 Jefferson Avenue
880 Madison – 1st Floor
Memphis, TN 38103
Phone: 901.545.8336
Facsimile: 901.515.9486
Email: syendrek@regionalonehealth.org

Veteran’s Administration Medical Center (VAMC)

Elston Howard
Management & Program Analyst
Graduate Medical Education & Associated Health Programs
Education/11A
Phone: 901.577.7395
Facsimile: 901.577.7575
Email: elston.howard@va.gov

Onboarding Team Email: vhamemtraineeonboarding@va.gov

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

Jeannie Diaz
Medical Education Manager
262 Danny Thomas Place
Mail Stop 277
Phone: 901.595.6385
Email: Jeannie.diaze@stjude.org

Last Published: Sep 20, 2021