Research Misconduct is defined by the Federal Register which is the Public Health Service Policy.
§93.103 of the Federal Register defines Research Misconduct as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing or reviewing research or in reporting research results.
- Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them;
- Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment or processes or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record;
- Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results or words without giving appropriate credit.
Research misconduct does not include honest error or differences of opinion.